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Thursday, November 14, 2013

Why Do Jehovah's Witnesses Conclude That 'Michael' is a Name For Christ in Heaven?

Just as Immanuel is another name for Jesus, Michael is also a pre-human name for Christ. So EVERYTHING said of Christ is also said of Immanuel and Michael. Whether we use the name Michael or Jesus we are speaking of the same individual.

Now, comparison of Biblical statements lead to the reasonable and logical conclusion that Michael was Christ's heavenly name.

The term "archangel" means "chief angel," or "principal angel." It occurs in the Bible only in the singular which indicates that there is only one. Michael is the only one ever called "archangel."

1.) Only two names are associated with authority over angels: Michael (Rev.12:7) and Jesus Christ (Mat.16:27; 25:31; 2Thes.1:7). Michael leads the angels to defeat Satan and hurl him to earth (Re 12:7). Christ leads that heavenly army of angels and conducts God's war. (Re 19:13,19).

2.) At 1Thes. 4:16 the voice of the resurrected Lord Jesus Christ is described as that of an archangel. The Greek grammar demands that the voice is Christ's, not that he is accompanied by the voice. In every biblical occurrence of this idiom it is always describing the voice of the subject (Lk. 4:33; Rev 5:2; 7:2; 10:3; 14:7,9,15,18; 19:17, Ac 7:60). If Christ were not the Archangel, describing his voice in this way would be like describing a man's voice as a mouse's; highly demeaning and disrespectful. Only the single archangel has the voice of the archangel. Hence, this prophecy gives strong reason for identifying Jesus as the archangel, Michael.

3.) Only one voice can command the dead to rise in the coming resurrection. This authority has been given to the Christ by his Father (Jn.5:25,26). But it is the voice of the archangel that raises the dead during the resurrection. (1Thes. 4:16; cf Dan.12:2). Since only the voice of Christ can raise the dead at the time of the end, and this voice is the voice of an archangel, it is only reasonable to conclude that Christ must be the Archangel.

4.) In Daniel chapter 7, there is a prophecy about the march of world powers to the end-time. At the climax of that prophecy we read that Christ was "given rulership and dignity and kingdom" (Dan.7:13, 14). Then Daniel foretold that during "the time of the end" *Michael* will "stand up" (Dan.10:13;11:40; 12:1). Michael's "standing" indicates a ruling capacity and thus supports the conclusion that Michael is Jesus Christ, since only Jesus is Jehovah's appointed King.

Hence, in the climax of one prophecy, Jesus becomes a king in the end-time. In the other prophecy, Michael exercises kingly power in the end-time. Since both prophecies deal with the same time and the same event, it is reasonable to conclude that they are also dealing with the same person.

5.) Michael's "standing up" was to be associated with an unprecedented "time of distress" (Dan.12:1). The same tribulation is mentioned in Mt.24:21 in regard to Christ's "presence" in kingdom power. Then the book of Revelation (12:7,10,12) specifically mentions Michael as acting at the establishment of God's Kingdom and links this event to extreme trouble for the earth. The correlation of the timing and actions of Michael and Jesus are difficult to ignore.

6.) Finally, Satan is abyssed by an "angel" for a thousand years. (Rev.20:1, 2, 10) However, when Christ was on earth, the demons identified him as the one who was to hurl them into the "abyss" (Mt 8:29). Then Jesus is the one prophesied to crush Satan's head (Gen.3:15; 1Jn 3:8), yet it is the conquering Michael with "his angels" referred to in Revelation 12 as conquering Satan (Ps. 110:1, 2; Acts 2:34, 35).

All the above shows that Michael is repeatedly said to be at the same place as the Christ during the same time period doing the same unique thing as the Christ, but is never seen with the Christ! Kinda like Clark Kent and Superman. This argues that Jesus and Michael are the same, since they both command God's army, the heavenly host of angels.

Because of the solid scriptural evidence that Michael is Christ, most early "church fathers" and many Trinitarian scholars from different religious denominations have agreed that Michael is one of the names of the Christ, including most early Protestants Scholars.

Jehovah's Witnesses' doctrine is not affected in the slightest if Michael is not Christ. Therefore, it is no problem if our logical conclusions regarding Michael are proved wrong when those new scrolls are opened! (Jn.17:3; 1Jn.4:15; Rm.10:9) On the other hand, Trinitarians are aware of the difficulties caused if Christ is identified as Michael due to the extremely strong implications of his inferiority.

SOURCE: This is an answer provided by BAR_ANERGES to a question at Yahoo Answers.

Also see:
Questions about the Archangel:

What is an Angel? ( Insight-1 pp. 106-108; Watchtower Online Library)

What is the Archangel and is there more than one? ( Insight-1 p. 156; Watchtower Online Library)

ARCHANGEL - Links to Information (INDEX; Watchtower Online Library)

MICHAEL (Archangel) - Links to Information (INDEX; Watchtower Online Library)

Archangel (Search Results From the Watchtower Online Library)

Does the Definition of "Archangel" Help Indicate Whether There is More Than One? (Search For Bible Truths)

If there is only one archangel, why does the word "an" appear before the word "archangel" at 1 Thess. 4:16 implying that there is more than one? (Jehovah's Witnesses Questions and Answers)

Jesus and Michael the Archangel - the same person? (Search For Bible Truths)

Where does it show in the Bible that Jesus is Michael the archangel? (Search For Bible Truths)

"It has never been that we see Jesus as "only" the archangel." (Modern example also included) (Jehovah's Witnesses Questions and Answers)

Are Jehovah's Witnesses the first to reason that Jesus is Michael the Archangel? (Search For Bible Truths)

Is Jesus an Angel? Scriptures and Quotes to Consider:

Does Hebrews Chapter 1 show that Jesus is (and was) an angel and distinct from God? (Search For Bible Truths)

Son of Man Reaps - Rev. 14:14-20 (Search For Bible Truths)

"An angel of God, as Christ Jesus Himself." (Gal. 4:14) (Search For Bible Truths)

Jesus - "The Bright Morning Star" (Search For Bible Truths)

What single angel would be capable of defeating Satan and casting him into the pit? (Rev. 20:1-3) (Search For Bible Truths)

Scholars' Quotes Concerning Jesus as an Angel (Search For Bible Truths)

Did Satan have more power than Michael according to the account at Jude 9? (Search For Bible Truths)

Pages That Examine Scriptures Concerning the Archangel:

The Bible’s Viewpoint - Who Is Michael the Archangel? (g02 2/8 pp. 16-17; Watchtower Online Library )

Who Is Michael the Archangel? (bh p. 218 - p. 219 par. 1; Watchtower Online Library )

Is Jesus the Archangel Michael? (w10 4/1 p. 19; Watchtower Online Library)

MICHAEL (Insight-2 pp. 393-394; Watchtower Online Library)

Is Jesus Christ the same person as Michael the archangel? (Insight-2 pp. 393-394; Watchtower Online Library)

Jehovah's Witnesses - Not the Only Ones Who Reason That Jesus is Michael the Archangel (Defend Jehovah's Witnesses)

Is Jesus Christ Michael the Archangel? (Pastor Russell)

Who is the Archangel Michael? (Bible Translation and Study)

Biblical and Historical Views of Christ as an Angel (Jehovah's Witnesses United)

Angels as Jehovah's Representatives - Is Jesus Christ Michael the Archangel?
(Jehovah's Witnesses United)

High Angel Christology: Is Jesus Christ Michael the Archangel? (Jehovah's Witnesses Redefended)


Defend Jehovah's Witnesses